Ms Afro Chic

Posted on December 04 2020



Here’s what you don't know about YOUR hair structure. It may change your life.

Nope! This is NOT a Chemistry or Biology class but this will make sense later and help explain why your ends are bushy, hair is dry, and probably why you can’t hold a cute style.

So, before we get to the fun stuff, let's get the technical bits out of the way! Shall we? Okay!

Getting To Know Your Hair Structure 

The picture illustrates the 3 layers of the hair shaft. Medulla, cortex and hair cuticle.  


  • Medulla is in the core of the shaft. Not so important in hair care, so will leave that one for now.
  • Cortex. This is where the hair gets its elasticity, shape, and pigment. It makes up to 95% of the hair structure and is mostly made up of protein bundles. These protein bundles are colorless as protein and have no color hence, grey hair. It is held together by lipids, water, elements of vitamins, and other chemicals and metals. This is where most chemical changes take place. Getting your hair done such as hair relaxing, hair dying, not a comprehensive explanation but this will do.

  • Finally, the Cuticle. This is the outermost layer that protects the cortex. It’s a colorless scale-like structure that protects the protein strand from damage caused by the elements. It protects it as well from too much water absorption and helps in retaining the moisture within the strand.

Why is hair structure important to know?

Well, if you have a better understanding of your hair then you will have an even better understanding of what tools, practices, products that work, and what doesn’t work well for your locs.

Also, this will help explain why your hair feels like straw all the time! No matter how much moisturizer you use, if used incorrectly, you will not be able to combat dryness unless you tweak some things in your routine (that’s if you have one at all).

So, in a nutshell, dry hair = brittle hair. Brittle hair = breaking hair. Breaking hair= shorter lengths.

Now that you have a better understanding of what your hair consists of, try to keep a healthy hair care routine for you.

Keep subscribed because in our next blog we will address how we can open and close the cuticle to help absorb and retain moisture which may lead to less brittle hair, less breakage, therefore, promoting length retention.


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  • Dris Wall: December 07, 2020

    Wow I had no idea! This is an eye opener and goes to show that the products you use should be dependent on what your hair type is! Thanks for sharing

  • Michele gill: December 07, 2020

    Love it!

  • WanderWoMom: December 07, 2020

    thank you for this information. It is very important to know what our hair is so we know how to take care of it properly.

  • Tiffany S.: December 06, 2020

    Geeat information! Thanks for the helpful tips.

  • Tiffany S: December 06, 2020

    Geeat information! Thanks for the helpful tips.

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